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Mauryan Empire 孔雀王朝

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发表于 2022-11-26 16:03:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 会飞的西瓜 于 2022-11-28 17:09 编辑

  Mauryan Empire was founded around 321 B.C.E. and ended in 185 B.C.E.It was the first pan-Indian empire that covered most of the Indian region. It spanned across central and northern India as well as over parts of modern-day Iran.
  Chandragupta Maurya, the Mauryan Empire’s first leader, started consolidating land as Alexander the Great’s power began to wane. Alexander died in 323 B.C.E.,which left a large power vacuum. And Chandragupta took advantage, gathering an army and overthrowing the Nanda power in Magadha, in present-day eastern India, marking the start of the Mauryan Empire. After crowning himself king, Chandragupta took additional lands through force and by forming alliances.
  Bindusara, Chandragupta’s son, assumed the throne around 300 B.C.E. and ended in 272 B.C.E. He kept empire running smoothly while maintaining its lands. He successfully campaigned in the Deccan and ended his quest near present-day Karnataka, presumably because of the camaraderie shared by the Mauryas with the Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas ruling the extreme southern territories. He was also successful in suppressing uprisings of people in Takshashila and those of the northern mountain kingdoms against his government by commissioning his able son Ashoka in such pursuit.
  Bindusara’s son, Ashoka, was the third leader of the Mauryam Empire. During his reign, he erected large stone pillars  inscribed edicts that he issued. After leading a bloody campaign against Kalinga, Ashoka reevaluated his commitment to expanding the empire and instead turned Buddhism and its tenet of nonviolence. Many of his edicts encouraged people to give up violence and live in peace with each other—two important Buddhist principals.
  After Ashoka’s death, his family continued to reign, but the empire began to break apart. The last of the Mauryas, Brihadratha, was assassinated by his commander in chief—a man named Pushyamrita who went on to found the Shunga Dynasty—in 185 B.C.E.

资料来源:www.britannica.com/place/Mauryan-Empire
education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/mauryan-empire
www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bindusara-33647.php

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发表于 2022-11-30 15:16:12 | 显示全部楼层
          The Mauryan Empire: A Definition of Art and Architecture
  While the Mauryan Empire is known for being the first empire to spread across most of India, it also is known for its unprecedented growth of art and architecture. Mauryan art and architecture were created in India between the 4th to 2nd centuries BCE and represented a shift from using wood to stone as a primary material. The architecture can be divided into court art commissioned by Mauryan rulers and popular art commissioned by individuals. Court art consisted of palaces, pillars, and stupas. Popular art consisted of caves, pottery, and sculptures. Mauryan art was at its height under Emperor Ashoka.The Mauryan Dynasty has left its mark in the history of world architecture and art.
发表于 2022-11-26 17:50:40 | 显示全部楼层
I found that since Chandragupta Maurya was born in a family that raised peacocks, people later called the empire Maurya Dynasty. And there is another saying that the word "Maurya" comes from its Sanskrit pronunciation (may ū Ra), similar pronunciation to the name of Chandragupta Maurya's mother,Mura.
发表于 2022-11-26 23:42:24 | 显示全部楼层
The Mauryan Empire was very powerful ai that time ,and the practice of Buddhism was similar to the use of Rujia thoughts in China to consolidate its rule.It also made great contributions to the art of the word.
发表于 2022-11-27 11:04:10 | 显示全部楼层
Wow, starting with raising peacocks and building such a powerful empire is full of fantasy.

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发表于 2022-11-27 14:04:29 | 显示全部楼层
The Mauryan dynasty conquered a number of neighboring countries and established the first great empire in Indian history. During the Ashoka era, the Maurka Dynasty reached its peak.

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发表于 2022-11-27 14:36:32 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Auroras 于 2022-11-27 14:37 编辑

At the beginning of the Peacock Dynasty, it controlled the Indus Plain, Ganges Plain, Bay of Bengal, Deccan Plateau and vast areas as far as the Arabian Sea. During the reign of Asoka, in addition to the southern tip of the Indian Peninsula, at its peak, it was incorporated into the territory of the Peacock Empire, starting from the southern foothills of the Himalayas in the north, ending at Mysore in the south, starting at the western border of Assam in the east, and ending at Hindu Kush in the west.
It has a long history and rich civilization.
发表于 2022-11-27 15:04:03 | 显示全部楼层
Ashoka,the symbol of the Mauryan Empire,he pushed the Mauryan Empire to the peak of prosperity.However,Ashoka looked to Buddhism to atone for the terrible kalinga war  prompt his conversion to Buddhism.Ashoka was able to expand the empire in a relatively peaceful manner.And the Mauryan Empire collapse after the death of Ashoka because future emperors were weak and unable to hold the large Empire together,resulting in it splintering into many smaller empires.

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发表于 2022-11-27 20:47:16 | 显示全部楼层
The Mauryan Empire was important for uniting the Indian subcontinent. It also was important for spreading Buddhism across its territory and for producing art and architecture that transitioned from the use of wood to stone as a primary material.
发表于 2022-11-27 21:06:05 | 显示全部楼层
孔雀帝国大约建立于公元前321年,结束于公元前185年。它是第一个覆盖了大部分印度地区的泛印度帝国。它横跨印度中部和北部,以及今天伊朗的部分地区。
孔雀帝国的第一任领袖旃陀罗笈多·孔雀在亚历山大大帝的权力开始衰落时开始巩固土地。亚历山大死于公元前323年,留下了巨大的权力真空。旃陀罗笈多乘势而上,集结了一支军队,推翻了摩加达的南陀王朝,也就是今天的印度东部,这标志着孔雀帝国的开始。在称王之后,旃陀罗笈多通过武力和结盟夺取了更多的土地。旃陀罗笈多的儿子宾杜萨拉在公元前300年左右继承了王位,并于公元前272年结束了王位。他在维护领土的同时,保持了帝国的平稳运行。他成功地在德干征战,并在今天的卡纳塔克邦附近结束了他的探索,大概是因为Mauryas与统治极端南部领土的Cholas、Cheras和Pandyas之间的友谊。他还成功地镇压了塔克夏什拉人民的起义和那些反对他的政府的北部山区王国,委托他的干将儿子阿萧卡进行这样的追捕。
宾杜萨拉的儿子阿育王是毛里亚姆帝国的第三位领袖。在他统治期间,他建立了巨大的石柱,上面刻有他发布的法令。在领导了一场对抗卡林加的血腥战役后,阿育王重新评估了他扩张帝国的承诺,转而转向佛教及其非暴力的信条。
他的许多法令鼓励人们放弃暴力,彼此和平共处——这是佛教的两大重要原则。阿育王死后,他的家族继续统治,但帝国开始分裂。孔雀家族的最后一位成员布里哈德拉多被他的总司令——一个名叫普希亚姆里塔的人暗杀了,他后来建立了顺迦王朝——公元前185年。
发表于 2022-11-27 21:46:53 | 显示全部楼层
During the Mauryan Empire, two achievements were:

The construction of temples to promote Hinduism. During the Mauryan Empire, there were three main religions: Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism. ...
The construction of a good road system. During the last period of the Mauryan Empire, there was the building of roads along which workers built rest houses for tired travelers. ...
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